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Riga is the capital of Latvia, one of the metropolises in the Baltic Sea region. Together with surrounding municipalities Riga forms the Greater Riga Region with over 1.2 million inhabitants (47% of the population of Latvia) and concentration of economic activity, jobs and income. Riga is historical Hanseatic city and a famous tourist destination in Baltics. The economically dominant role of Riga influences the wider surrounding territory including agricultural activity.

The spatial diversity of Greater Riga includes different settlements and economic zones: the city net of Region is formed by 20 smaller towns; the popular tourism centres are Jūrmala and Sigulda; the regional towns of Tukums, Limbaži and Ogre are manufacturing and service centres with surrounding agricultural territories; the coastal villages are increasingly populated by second home owners; the ports of Salacgriva and Skulte as historic ports of fishery and timber export; the rural territories on Riga outskirts are converted into new residential areas; the remote countryside near the external border of the region in its north, east and west is a place for specialized agricultural production and multifunctional farms. Each of these territories plays a distinct role in the region’s spatial structure and peri-urban agriculture.

Several forms of urban / peri-urban agriculture are developing in the city and wider region stimulating dynamism in food production and consumption:
• An urban greenhouse and organic farm Getlini Eco based on waste recycling
• Slow Food Riga movement involving farmers, restaurants, consumers
• Farmers markets and green markets in urban quarters as a form of direct selling
• Tourism, service and health farms in nature reserves around Riga
• Multifunctional farms in sparsely populated countryside of Greater Riga Region
• Large scale dairy and grain farms in specialized agricultural territories of the region
• Horse farms in the city and surroundings
• Community gardens or family gardens for food self-growing activities within Riga city
• City parks and forests (45 000 hectares in Riga) and urban forestry activities
• Fruit and vegetable farms and cooperatives in the region building short supply chains
• School Fruit and School Milk Programmes in which Riga municipality is a partner
• Organic shops and internet shops of ecological food
• Food basket systems connecting farmers and urban consumers

For more information, please see the Riga City Region Report on Agrifood dynamics and governance, and Case Studies on Short Supply Chains (Direct Buying), Multifunctional Urban Spaces (Kalnciema Quarter) and Allotment Gardens (Lucavsalas Ekoprojekts)
Greater Riga Region (Latvia)
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